Which Of The Following Was A Feature Of The Tribute System During The Song Dynasty In China?
- Philip Martin
Which of the following was not a characteristic of the tribute system that was in place in China throughout the Song dynasty? It was common practice for tributary diplomats to bring back presents to their home countries that were of greater value than the homage they had given to the Chinese government.
What was the tribute system in Song dynasty China quizlet?
The system of tributes was a collection of activities that was supposed to make this process of civilizing interaction easier. It was necessary for authorities from countries other than China to recognise Chinese dominance and accept their submissive position in a world order centered on China.
Did China have a tribute system?
There is also general consensus that a tribute system of a type existed and operated to govern China’s trade and diplomacy with its neighbors at least as far back as the Han period (206 BCE–220 CE) (206 BCE–220 CE).
When was the Chinese tribute system?
During the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), when contacts with more than a hundred different tributaries were recorded as a result of the vast overseas expansion that occurred during the time of the great maritime expeditions of the early 1400s, the system reached its apogee and reached its peak of effectiveness.
What was gained from participating in the Chinese tribute system?
Those who took part in the Chinese tribute system were granted the right to engage in commercial activity within China.
How was the tribute system an expression of the Chinese?
|3166362050||Which of the following was a major development in Chinese society that took shape in the centuries following the collapse of the Han dynasty?||Northern nomads conquered some portions of China|
|3166362051||Which of the following contributed to the doubling of the Chinese population during the Tang and Song dynasties?||the adoption of a fast-ripening strain of rice from Vietnam||1|
|3166362052||Which of the following is a reason that the Tang and Song dynasties are regarded as a “golden age” in China?||the setting of standards of excellence in art and literature||2|
|3166362053||Those who participated in the Chinese tribute system gained||the opportunity to trade in China||3|
|3166362054||Which of the following explains why women’s lives were more restricted in the Song dynasty than in the Tang dynasty?||the revival of Confucianism||4|
|3166362055||Which of the following statements about the Chinese tribute system is true?||The Chinese government often gave other states gifts that were in fact worth more than the tribute that those states paid to China||5|
|3166362056||China’s most enduring and intense interaction with outsiders was with||the nomadic pastoral peoples of the northern steppes||6|
|3166362057||Which of the following describes Korea’s relationship with China?||Its capital city of Kumsong was modeled directly on the Chinese capital of Chang’an||7|
|3166362058||Which of the following contributed to China’s economic revolution during the Tang and Song dynasties?||A complex network of internal waterways that provided cheap transportation||8|
|3166362059||Chinese interaction with the northern nomads during the tang dynasty resulted in||the evolution of a mixed Chinese/Turkic culture in northern China||9|
|3166362060||In their relations with China, Korea and Japan both||sent people to China to study Chinese thought and culture||10|
|3166362061||Which of the following statements best describes Korea’s relationship with China in the premodern period?||Korea adopted many elements of Chinese culture while still retaining a distinctive culture and separate political existence||11|
|3166362062||Which of the following was a technological innovation that spread from China to the rest of Eurasia?||printing||12|
|3166362063||Which of the following was a factor in the growth of Buddhism in China after 300 C.E.?||Increased disorder following the collapse of the Han dynasty, which discredited Confucianism||13|
|3166362064||In Song dynasty China, masculine identity came to be defined in terms of||calligraphy, scholarship, painting, and poetry||14|
|3166362065||Which of the following was a political contribution of the Tang and Song dynasties?||The construction of a state structure that lasted until the twentieth century||15|
|3166362066||Chinese references to “western barbarians” in the Tang dynasty included which group of people?||Indians||16|
|3166362067||How was the tribute system an expression of the Chinese view of themselves and their relationship to the world?||The tribute system required non-Chinese to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese-centered world order.||17|
|3166362068||The emergence of which practice during the Song dynasty suggests that Chinese women’s lives were more restricted than they had been in the Tang dynasty?||Foot binding||18|
|3166362069||What did Korea, Japan, and Vietnam all develop that reflected their unique culture?||Their own writing systems||19|
|3166362070||In what respect was Japan’s borrowing of Chinese culture different from the experiences of Korea and Vietnam?||Japan’s borrowing was wholly voluntary rather than occruing under conditions of direct military threat or outright occupation||20|
|3166362071||Which of the following is an example of how Chinese inventions stimulated innovations in distant lands?||The Chinese formula for gunpowder triggered the development of cannons in Europe||21|
|3166362072||The invention of printing in China was linked with which religion?||Buddhism||22|
|3166362073||Which of the following shows the effect of the Indian Ocean trade on China?||The transformation of southern China from a subsistence economy to an export-oriented economy||23|
|3166362074||The emergence of the samurai reflected Japan’s||decentralized political structure||24|
|3166362075||Which religion provided an element of cultural commonality for the East Asian region?||Buddhism||25|
|3166362076||Which of the following is an example of how Indian Buddhism was modified after its introduction into China?||The Buddhist notion of “morality” was translated with the Confucian term for “filial submission and obedience”||26|
|3166362077||How did the changed environment in China in the ninth century affect Buddhism?||Buddhist monasteries came under state control as a xenophobic reaction set in||27|
|3166362078||In Japan’s Seventeen Article Constitution, the statement that “when the superior acts, the inferior yields compliance” reflects an understanding of the relationship superior and inferiors associated with||Confucianism||28|
|3166362079||Shiba Yoshimasa’s instruction “to give up your life for the sake of the sole sovereign, or serving under the commander the military in a time of need” is associated with||bushido||29|
|3166362080||Southernization is the||term used to describe the process of migration of people, plants, technologies, and ideas from Southeast Asia northward through Eurasia||30|
|3166362081||Which food was introduced to the east coast of African continent by the Austronesians||bananas||31|
|3166362082||Both classical Rome and Axum were shaped by||the emergence of the Christian faith||32|
|3166362083||Which of the following was the center of long-distance oceanic trade in the millennium from 500 to 1500?||The Indian Ocean||33|
|3166362084||Which of the following resulted from the trans-regional interaction during the third-wave era?||The spread of the Black Death||34|
What do you mean by the tribute system?
The term “tribute system” is the popular phrase used in the West to describe a series of highly controlled and ritualized transactions that took place between the imperial court in China’s capital and the leaders of various Asian cultures. These exchanges were known as “tribute payments.”
What is known as tribute?
A parade of high-ranking Assyrian officials, followed by messengers carrying tribute from Urartu. From Khorsabad, Iraq, c.710 BCE. Iraq Museum Items such as armlets, bowls, and amphorae with griffin handles are depicted as being offered as tribute in the reliefs at Persepolis titled “Apadana.” A donation of wealth, usually in the form of goods, made by one party to another as an expression of submission, allegiance, or respect is known as a tribute (from the Latin word tributum, which means “contribution”).
- Various ancient nations demanded tribute from the rulers of territory that they had conquered or were otherwise in a position to take.
- When two parties form an alliance, the less powerful party may be required to make a financial contribution to the more powerful party as a show of commitment.
- This contribution is often made so that the more powerful party may fund initiatives that will benefit both parties.
In most cases, for something to be referred to as “tribute,” the payer must acknowledge that they are in a subordinate political position to the payee. For example, the large sums of money, which were essentially protection money, paid by the later Roman and Byzantine Empires to barbarian peoples to deter them from attacking imperial territory would not normally be referred to as “tribute” because the Empire did not accept an inferior political position.
- There are a variety of phrases that may be used to represent payments given by a more powerful political body to a less powerful one for a variety of reasons.
- One of these concepts is “subsidy.” An example of an ancient tribute empire is the ancient Persian Achaemenid Empire.
- This type of empire demanded relatively few things of its non-Persian subjects other than the regular payment of tribute, which may take the form of cash, luxury products, animals, troops, or slaves.
Nevertheless, there were severe repercussions for falling behind on the payments. The reliefs found in Persepolis depict processions of people carrying a variety of oblations in their hands. Additionally, the Mongol overlords of Russia during the middle ages sought little more than tribute from the Russian kingdoms, which continued to exercise independent governance.
- Athens was the recipient of tribute paid by the other cities that were members of the Delian League.
- The provinces and kingdoms that were subject to the empires of Assyria, Babylon, Carthage, and Rome were required to pay tribute to those powers.
- Many other states, including Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Borneo, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, and Central Asia, paid respect to Ancient China ( listed here ).
In order to fund its military operations, the Roman republic demanded tribute from its subjects in the form of payments that were roughly comparable to proportionate property taxes. Contrast this type of empire with others, such as the Roman Empire, which more tightly governed and garrisoned the lands they subjected to their rule.
What was the tributary system of the Han Dynasty and why was it developed?
The Han dynasty established a ‘tributary system’ in order to expand their power and maintain peace in the region. Under this system, China’s neighbors could continue to exist as independent kingdoms so long as they acknowledged China’s superiority and gave it gifts (ties strengthened through inter-marriage).
How long did the Chinese tributary system last?
The Tributary System of the Chinese Empire – The traditional interpretation of the tributary system in China is that it served as a method of managing and controlling China’s diplomatic and commercial interactions with the outside world from ancient times up to the 19th century.
According to John Fairbank, this system “managed the interstate relations of a major portion of people throughout much of recorded history.” It was a system that “handled the interstate relations of a big part of mankind.” 24 The system, which is generally considered to have reached its zenith from the 14th to the 19th centuries (during the Ming and Qing dynasties), structured China’s cultural, economic, and security relations with both its neighbors in East Asia and countries from afar.
AP World History: Period 3: Post Classical China Part I: Tang Dynasty
It is generally accepted that the system reached its apogee during this time period. David Kang, in his latest study of the Chinese tributary system and its influence on the international order in East Asia, presents a short and historically sensitive explication of what the system was all about: The tribute system was a collection of institutional institutions that offered a comprehensive framework for arranging external contacts between political actors in early modern East Asia.
- This framework was given by the tribute system.
- Through the passage of time, a system of rules and institutions came into existence.
- These rules and institutions regulated international diplomatic contacts, as well as social and economic interaction, and gave the system a distinct and well-defined sense of order.25 It is helpful to disaggregate the concepts, institutional structures, and laws that make up the tribute system into the following six characteristics for the sake of study.
These characteristics are as follows:
How did the tributary system support both economic and political power for Song China?
Give an explanation of how Song China maintained its economic and political dominance through the use of the Tributary System. Under this arrangement, foreign countries that Song China ruled were required to make a monetary or material payment to the emperor in order to show their respect. In exchange, the tribute system bestowed these nations with stability and boosted their commercial activity.
Why is tribute important?
Provides an opportunity for everyone to pause and consider their recollections – In addition to providing a meaningful addition to the funeral ceremony and highlighting the distinctive qualities of your departed loved one, a tribute film also gives attendees the opportunity to think back on personal recollections of the deceased.
How did the tributary system help Han Dynasty emperors?
The Chinese were essentially buying security from the raids of the nomads with their money. In order to control China’s interactions with other empires, the Han Dynasty saw the development of a system known as the Tributary System. During the Han dynasty in China, a precise framework was constructed to direct the country’s connection with the rest of the world.
How did the tribute system in practice differ from the ideal Chinese understanding of its operation?
In what ways did the actual operation of the tribute system deviate from the Chinese ideal conception of how it should function? The actual method of paying tribute differs from the traditional Chinese conception of it in that it was designed to be somewhat equitable for both parties.
In what ways did the Song dynasty establish an enduring state structure?
How did the Tang and Song dynasties go about establishing a state structure that would stand the test of time? It was organized into the following six key ministries: personnel, finance, rituals, army, and justice, as well as public works. These ministries were subject to the Censorate’s surveillance.
Which statement best describes the economy of Tang and Song China?
Which of the following statements is most accurate on the economy of Tang and Song China? The economy of China was the most significant in the world. Which of the following statements best characterizes the effect that China has had on the people who live in the steppes? The people who lived on the steppes maintained their own culture.
Why are the centuries of the Song dynasty in China sometimes referred to as a golden age?
China’s Rise to Prominence During the Song Dynasty (960–1279) and the Development of Commercial Trade – The Song dynasty, which lasted from 960 to 1279, came after the Tang dynasty, which lasted from 618 to 906, and the two of them combined are considered to be “China’s Golden Age.” The Song dynasty is responsible for the introduction of paper money, the drinking of tea, the discovery of gunpowder, the compass, and printing.
In addition, the Song dynasty is credited with these developments. (The fact that the dynasty lasts until the year 1000 could make it simpler for pupils to place these events in their proper chronological order.) The Song is characterised by unprecedented levels of commercial expansion, which historians describe as having “pre-modern” qualities.
The development in a) the production of non-agricultural items in a rural and home environment (“cottage industries,” such as silk), and in b) the cultivation of cash crops that are sold and not eaten (tea), leads to the spread of market forces into the everyday lives of ordinary people.
- Historians refer to this period of time in European history when this commercial expansion takes place as the “proto-industrial” boom period.
- This period is significant in European history because it is followed by the industrialization period, during which production relocates to cities.
- During the Tokugawa period, which lasted from 1600 to 1868, historians consider these pre-modern and proto-industrial processes to have taken place in Japanese history.) The manufacture of nonagricultural items at the home level in China dates back to the Song dynasty and continues to be an important type of production and market growth in China up to the 20th century.
China is notable for having an early development history in this sector. Students could ponder the subject of whether or not industrialisation was an inevitable consequence of commercialization, as it was in the Western world. This is an assumption that many people make.
Were there any other aspects of history that had a role in the emergence of the Western economy? Is the Chinese pattern considered to be the “normal” one, or the Western one? What factors led to the development of each nation’s economy in the direction that it went? Urbanization and commercial expansion go hand in hand, and at the moment, the most populous and technologically advanced cities in the world are located in China.
Even though he was from Venice, which was one of the most advanced towns in Europe during Marco Polo’s time, the organization of Chinese cities, which he observed during his travels in the 1200s, left him speechless in his writing. During the time of the Song, China experiences a period of phenomenal population expansion, concurrent with a movement of its center of gravity to the country’s southern regions.
In China at the time of the Tang dynasty, which came before the Song, the majority of the country’s inhabitants lived in the wheat-growing region found in the north. After the year 1127, when the capital of the Southern Song was moved to Hangzhou, which is located below the Yangtze River, there was a comparable change in the concentration of the Chinese people to southern China, which is located below the Yangtze River.
The most important crop in southern China is rice, which outyields wheat in terms of yield per acre while also being able to sustain a bigger population. Near the conclusion of the Song dynasty, two thirds to three quarters of China’s population would be centered below the Yangtze River.