Which Of The Following Was A Feature Of The Tribute System During The Song Dynasty In China?
- Philip Martin
Which of the following was not a characteristic of the tribute system in China under the Song dynasty? It was common practice for tributary diplomats to bring back presents to their home countries that were of greater value than the homage they had given to the Chinese government.
Which of the following statements best describes the impact of the song civil service examination system on established aristocratic families?
Which of the following statements best illustrates the effect that the Tang and Song civil service examination system had on families who had already established themselves as members of the aristocracy? A sizeable proportion of posts were still reserved for the offspring of aristocratic families.
What was the purpose of the tributary system?
Before the Ching dynasty’s demise in 1911, having diplomatic and commercial contacts with China was accomplished through the use of a tributary system. These relations lasted until 1911. The arrangement involves the exchange of gifts between the Chinese emperor and other monarchs from across the world.
The return presents that the Chinese gave to foreigners were usually extremely generous and the absolute best that an advanced civilisation could give. This allowed the foreigners to profit. In addition, the Chinese emperor gave the foreign ruler his seal of approval, lending the appearance of legitimacy to the situation.
In response, the foreigners assumed a submissive stance, which served to validate both the superiority of Chinese civilisation and the authority of the Chinese emperor. The technique was regularly grown into large-scale commercial commerce, which both Chinese merchants and foreigners significantly benefited from.
Which empire used a tribute system?
– The tributary system in Imperial China offered an administrative mechanism to regulate their interests, as well as offering exclusive trading privileges to those who paid tribute from distant regions. This was done in order to ensure that Imperial China’s interests were protected.
It was an essential component of the Confucian philosophy and was viewed by the Chinese as being analogous to younger sons caring for their elderly parents by devoting a portion of their wealth, assets, or goods to that purpose. The Chinese held this view because Confucianism was an important part of their culture.
Political marriages between the Chinese empire and tribute nations, such as Songtsen Gampo and Wencheng, took place on several occasions in the past (Gyasa). China was frequently the recipient of tribute from other kingdoms that were influenced by the Confucian civilisation.
- In exchange, China offered these states acknowledgement of their authority and sovereignty as well as items made in China.
- Throughout the course of ancient history, the Chinese developed their empires over a number of surrounding nations, many of which paid tribute to the Chinese government.
- These countries included Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Borneo, Indonesia, and Central Asia.
Both the tributary system and the link between the two are commonly referred to as Jimi (), Cefeng (), or Chaogong (). Shinkou (), Sakuhou (), and Choukou () are the three different names that are used to refer to the tributary system and connection in Japanese.
- According to the Chinese Book of Han, during the first century B.C., different Japanese tribes, which together made up the country of Wa, had already established tributary links with China.
- During the Heian dynasty, Japan, on the other hand, stopped paying tribute to China and exited the tributary system, although this did not adversely affect their economic connections.
In spite of the fact that Japan finally reverted to the tributary system during the Muromachi era during the reign of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, the country did not resume paying tribute at that time. According to the Korean historical book known as Samguk Sagi (Korean: ; Hanja: ), Goguryeo dispatched a diplomatic emissary to the Han dynasty in the year 32 AD.
As a result of this visit, Emperor Guangwu of the Han dynasty officially recognised Goguryeo with a title. During the time of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, a tributary relationship was formally created between China and Korea; but, in actuality, this connection was little more than a diplomatic formality that was used to bolster legitimacy and get cultural items from China.
This lasted throughout several dynasties in China, albeit to variable degrees, until China was ultimately defeated by Japan in the Sino-Japanese War in 1894–1895. A “hierarchic tributary system” best describes the connection that existed between China and Vietnam.
- The Treaty of Tientsin (1885), which followed the Sino-French War, was the event that brought an end to China’s suzerainty over Vietnam.
- Since the Sui dynasty until the Taiping Rebellion of the late Qing dynasty in the middle of the 19th century, Thailand was always subservient to China as a vassal or a tributary state.
This relationship lasted from the Sui dynasty. The preparation of some tributaries of imperial China that comprise suzerain kingdoms from China in East Asia is now underway. Before the turn of the 20th century, the Chinese tributary system had a significant impact on the regional geopolitics of East and Southeast Asia.
This ensured that they retained their sovereignty, and the mechanism ensured that China would get certain valued assets on a consistent basis. “The theoretical justification” for this exchange was the Mandate of Heaven, which stated that the Emperor of China was empowered by the heavens to rule, and that as a result of this rule, all of mankind would end up being the beneficiary of good deeds.
This mandate was the “theoretical justification” for this transaction. The majority of Asian countries choose to voluntarily join this system. There is a distinct difference between the terms “gift” and “tribute,” both of which are used in this context.
The former, which is sometimes referred to as gong (), carries significant significance. The emperors of China made it a point to ensure that the presents they gave to other realms were recognized as merely gifts and not as tributes. Even at periods when a Chinese dynasty needed to bribe nomads from raiding their border, such as during the Han Dynasty and the Song Dynasty, the emperors sent “gifts” to the Xiongnu and the Khitan.
Examples of such eras include the Han Dynasty and the Song Dynasty. The only occasion that one dynasty paid official tribute to another was during the southern Song dynasty, when the Song paid tribute to the Jin Dynasty for peace. This was the only time that this had occurred.
As a result of their occupation of the plains around the Yellow River, the Jin Dynasty considered themselves to be the rightful owners of the “Mandate of Heaven.” In addition, when Zheng He went on his missions, his fleet would frequently come back with foreign envoys carrying tribute from their respective countries.
The Ming Dynasty established tributary links with the foreign kingdoms in exchange for gifts that were given to the foreign powers as part of the arrangement. The Twenty-Four Histories is broken up into various chapters that are dedicated to memorial activities.
What did China’s tributaries get in exchange for paying tribute?
What did China’s tributary states get in return for their service as a tributary? They were given priceless presents as well as permission to engage in commerce at formal markets.
Which of the following developments best explains why many historians argue that the Song Dynasty period?
Which of the following transformations best explains why many historians feel that the Song dynasty period (960-1279 CE) was essential to the establishment of China as an economic world power? During the Song dynasty, the population of China more than quadrupled, and the country’s metropolitan centers saw enormous expansion.
What were the chief economic accomplishments of the Tang and Song dynasties?
Tang and Song dynasties China went through an economic revolution, which ultimately led to it being the richest empire on the planet. During this time period, industrial output was at an all-time high, and technical innovation was thriving, as seen by the development of printing and gunpowder, as well as advancements in navigational and shipbuilding capabilities.
What were the primary factors behind the decline of Buddhism in China?
What do you believe to have been the key causes of the decline of Buddhism in China? The reign of the Chinese Emperor Wu-Tsung was largely responsible for the fall of Buddhism in China. This was followed by the Communist government’s attempt to put an end to any type of religious activity.