Under The Song Dynasty Farmers In China Could Use Money To Pay Their Taxes. Which Was The Result?

Under The Song Dynasty Farmers In China Could Use Money To Pay Their Taxes. Which Was The Result
Agriculture: a picture from the Northern Song period (960–1127), depicting a water-powered mill for grain together with river conveyance. The painting dates to this time period. A artwork from the 18th century depicting a “seedling horse,” a device that was developed during the Song dynasty to remove seedlings.

  1. During the time of the Song dynasty, there was a significant increase in the amount of area under cultivation.
  2. The government encouraged individuals to start cultivating fields that had been abandoned or were otherwise unusable.
  3. Permanent possession of the new land was given to everyone who opened up new lands and paid taxes on the new areas.

As a result of this program, it is believed that the amount of land that was farmed under the Song dynasty reached its maximum of 720 million mu, which is equivalent to 48 million hectares, and that this quantity was not surpassed by the following Ming and Qing dynasties.

  1. During this time period, there was a significant push toward the irrigation of agricultural land.
  2. In the year 1069, prominent politician and economist Wang Anshi released the Law and Decree on Irrigation, which fostered the growth of China’s irrigation system.
  3. By the year 1076, around 10,800 irrigation projects had been finished, and these projects had successfully watered over 36 million mu of public and private land.

Dredging the Yellow River in northern China and creating artificial silt land in the Lake Tai valley were two of the most significant irrigation projects ever undertaken in China. As a direct result of this program, China’s agricultural output increased by a factor of three.

During the Song dynasty, agricultural yields of grain per mu were around 2 tans, which is equivalent to roughly 110 pounds or 50 kilograms. This is in comparison to agricultural yields of 1 tan during the early Han and 1.5 tans during the late Tang. The innovations in farm implements, crops, and fertilizers that occurred during China’s Song dynasty were a significant factor in the country’s later economic success.

The advances in the plow that were documented during the Tang dynasty and chronicled in the manuscript known as The Classic of the Plow were passed down to the Song dynasty. These innovations were used in Jiangnan. The Song era made improvements to the curved iron plough that had been developed by the Tang and came up with a new design for a steel plough that was tailored to the task of recovering wastelands.

  • The blade of the wasteland plough was shorter but thicker, making it particularly useful in cutting through reeds and roots in marshes in the Huai River basin.
  • The wasteland plough was not constructed of iron, but of harder steel.
  • During the time of the Song, a device known as a “seedling horse” was developed; it was constructed out of jujube wood and paulownia wood and was intended to make planting seeds easier.

The flow energy of rivers was harnessed by bamboo water wheels at Song farms, which were used to lift water for irrigation of fields. While there was already a great diversity in agricultural implements, such as the tread plow (tali), the lever-knife (zhadao), and the northeastern-style plow (tang), the use of water power to move millstones, grinding stones, and hammers and to move water from canals and rivers to irrigation ditches by a chained-buckets mechanism (fanche) became more and more common, particularly among large land owners.

  • This was especially Up until that point, water was raised by means of a device that consisted of massive step-powered wheels (tache) that transported linked buckets with water from a river to a ditch.
  • The term “seedling horse” (yangma) refers to an implement that was used by farmers to remove rice seedlings from the soil.

The term “dung-drill” (fenlou) refers to a machine that was used for planting and fertilizing rice fields. At the conclusion of the Southern Song period, a “plow-weeder” (tangyun) became commonplace in the lower Yangtze area of China, while a “drill-tiller” (louchu) was used in northern China.

  1. To facilitate harvesting, a pushing scythe known as a tuilian was developed, which included two wheels.
  2. Theobald Ulrich.
  3. The diameter of the water wheel was around 30 chi, and it had 10 bamboo watering tubes attached to its rim at various points.
  4. Some farmers even employed irrigation wheels with three stages in order to raise water to a height of more than 30 meters.

During this time period, China was introduced to high-yield Champa paddy seeds, Korean yellow paddy, Indian green pea, and Middle Eastern watermelon, all of which contributed significantly to an increase in the diversity of farm food available. Farmers in the song made a point of emphasizing the use of night soil as fertilizer.

They discovered that by utilizing night soil, arid wasteland might be transformed into agriculturally productive land. In the year 1149, Chen Pu penned the following passage in his book titled “Book of Agriculture”: “The widespread notion that farmland becomes tired after sowing three to five years is not accurate.

If often top up with new soil and cure with night soil, then the land becomes more productive.”

What resulted from the trade of many goods on the Silk Road quizlet?

Which of the following was a significant consequence of the commerce that took place along the Silk Road? Discussion and trading of ideas and creations.

Which is not an invention from the Tang and Song dynasties in China quizlet?

Which of the following was NOT an innovation or creation that took place during the times of the Tang and Song dynasties? They did NOT come up with the idea of using glass lenses in telescopes.

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Which of the following was an innovation or invention of the Tang and Song dynasties?

The construction of the Grand Canal was one of the Tang’s many contributions to the improvement of practical life. It was the longest man-made canal in the world at the time, and it connected the Huang He and Ch’ang Rivers, so facilitating trade between northern and southern regions of China.

Which most directly helped Ghana become an empire the gold for salt trade the hajj domesticated camels ironworking?

Terms included in this group (25) Which contributed the most directly to Ghana’s rise to imperial power? The exchange of gold for table salt.

Which was the most important result of Silk Road trade?

One of the most visible results of commerce along the Silk Road was the increased availability of commodities in a greater number of locations. Silk’s smooth texture and alluring sheen contributed to its meteoric rise in popularity, reaching the point that it was exchanged for cash in central Asia.

Who coined the term Silk Road to describe the long distance trade routes that moved goods from the Mediterranean to East Asia?

The word “Silk Road,” on the other hand, wasn’t coined until 1877, when German geographer and historian Ferdinand von Richthofen first used it to describe the trading routes. This is despite the fact that there is an evident connection between the name and the trade routes.

Which of the following was the most important invention during the Tang Dynasty quizlet?

The Chinese were the first to create gunpowder, which was a significant achievement of the Tang and Song dynasties (which was later adopted by civilizations in Europe and the Middle East).2) The Chinese were the first to create the compass, which greatly facilitated advancements in maritime travel and navigation.

What did the Tang Dynasty do that helped conserve the traditional values of Confucianism it used paper money to grow the economy it revived the civil?

Terms belonging to this set (2) What actions did the Tang Dynasty take that were crucial in preserving the ancient Confucian values? The Han examination system for the civil service was resurrected as a result of this.

In what ways did the Tang and Song dynasties change Chinese society?

Tang and Song dynasties China went through an economic revolution that catapulted it to the position of world’s richest empire. During the Tang dynasty, there were between 50 and 60 million people in China. By the year 1200, that number had risen to 120 million, thanks in part to the amazing increase in agricultural productivity that occurred during that time.

On what was China’s economy based during the Tang and Song periods?

Agriculture: a picture from the Northern Song period (960–1127), depicting a water-powered mill for grain together with river conveyance. The painting dates to this time period. A artwork from the 18th century depicting a “seedling horse,” a device that was developed during the Song dynasty to remove seedlings.

During the time of the Song dynasty, there was a significant increase in the amount of area under cultivation. The government encouraged individuals to start cultivating fields that had been abandoned or were otherwise unusable. Permanent possession of the new land was given to everyone who opened up new lands and paid taxes on the new areas.

As a result of this program, it is believed that the amount of land that was farmed under the Song dynasty reached its maximum of 720 million mu, which is equivalent to 48 million hectares, and that this quantity was not surpassed by the following Ming and Qing dynasties.

  1. During this time period, there was a significant push toward the irrigation of agricultural land.
  2. In the year 1069, prominent politician and economist Wang Anshi released the Law and Decree on Irrigation, which fostered the growth of China’s irrigation system.
  3. By the year 1076, around 10,800 irrigation projects had been finished, and these projects had successfully watered over 36 million mu of public and private land.

Dredging the Yellow River in northern China and creating artificial silt land in the Lake Tai valley were two of the most significant irrigation projects ever undertaken in China. As a direct result of this program, China’s agricultural output increased by a factor of three.

  1. During the Song dynasty, agricultural yields of grain per mu were around 2 tans, which is equivalent to roughly 110 pounds or 50 kilograms.
  2. This is in comparison to agricultural yields of 1 tan during the early Han and 1.5 tans during the late Tang.
  3. The innovations in farm implements, crops, and fertilizers that occurred during China’s Song dynasty were a significant factor in the country’s later economic success.

The advances in the plow that were documented during the Tang dynasty and chronicled in the manuscript known as The Classic of the Plow were passed down to the Song dynasty. These innovations were used in Jiangnan. The Song era made improvements to the curved iron plough that had been developed by the Tang and came up with a new design for a steel plough that was tailored to the task of recovering wastelands.

The blade of the wasteland plough was shorter but thicker, making it particularly useful in cutting through reeds and roots in marshes in the Huai River basin. The wasteland plough was not constructed of iron, but of harder steel. During the time of the Song, a device known as a “seedling horse” was developed; it was constructed out of jujube wood and paulownia wood and was intended to make planting seeds easier.

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The flow energy of rivers was harnessed by bamboo water wheels at Song farms, which were used to lift water for irrigation of fields. While there was already a great diversity in agricultural implements, such as the tread plow (tali), the lever-knife (zhadao), and the northeastern-style plow (tang), the use of water power to move millstones, grinding stones, and hammers and to move water from canals and rivers to irrigation ditches by a chained-buckets mechanism (fanche) became more and more common, particularly among large land owners.

  • This was especially Up until that point, water was raised by means of a device that consisted of massive step-powered wheels (tache) that transported linked buckets with water from a river to a ditch.
  • The term “seedling horse” (yangma) refers to an implement that was used by farmers to remove rice seedlings from the soil.

The term “dung-drill” (fenlou) refers to a machine that was used for planting and fertilizing rice fields. At the conclusion of the Southern Song period, a “plow-weeder” (tangyun) became commonplace in the lower Yangtze area of China, while a “drill-tiller” (louchu) was used in northern China.

To facilitate harvesting, a pushing scythe known as a tuilian was developed, which included two wheels. — Theobald Ulrich. — The diameter of the water wheel was around 30 chi, and it had 10 bamboo watering tubes attached to its rim at various points. Some farmers even employed irrigation wheels with three stages in order to raise water to a height of more than 30 meters.

During this time period, China was introduced to high-yield Champa paddy seeds, Korean yellow paddy, Indian green pea, and Middle Eastern watermelon, all of which contributed significantly to an increase in the diversity of farm food available. Farmers in the song made a point of emphasizing the use of night soil as fertilizer.

  • They discovered that by utilizing night soil, arid wasteland might be transformed into agriculturally productive land.
  • In the year 1149, Chen Pu penned the following passage in his book titled “Book of Agriculture”: “The widespread notion that farmland becomes tired after sowing three to five years is not accurate.

If often top up with new soil and cure with night soil, then the land becomes more productive.”

Which of the following was the most important invention during the Tang Dynasty?

Lessons in Chinese History for Young Learners From the years 618 to 907, the Tang Dynasty was in control of China. China was one of the most powerful nations in the world when it was ruled by the Tang dynasty because it had a period of peace and prosperity at that time.

This era in Chinese history is sometimes referred to as the “Golden Age,” since it was such a prosperous time. Richard M. Barnhart is the author of “Spring Outing of the Tang Court.” The Beginning of the Dynasty’s Rule In the year 618, when the Sui Dynasty was beginning to fall apart, an aristocrat by the name of Li Yuan who resided in the north assembled an army and marched on the capital city of Chang’an.

Although he was instrumental in elevating a young kid to the position of emperor, Li Yuan’s primary role was that of prime minister during his reign. After the death of the previous Emperor Yang, Li Yuan proclaimed himself to be the new emperor and founded the Tang Dynasty.

Innovations in Science and Technology During the time period known as the Tang Dynasty, significant strides were made in the fields of engineering and technology. The printing method using wood blocks is perhaps the one that was the most significant. Printing books with woodblocks enabled the manufacture of books in large quantities.

This contributed to a rise in literacy and facilitated the dissemination of information across the empire. The Diamond Sutra was the first book to ever be printed in its entirety in the year 868. Gunpowder was another significant innovation that emerged during this time period.

  • Despite the fact that it would continue to be improved upon over the course of hundreds of years, during the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder was mostly utilized for the production of fireworks.
  • The people had the misconception that fireworks had the ability to drive away evil spirits.
  • Other inventions include a type of ceramic known as porcelain, improvements in the process of manufacturing maps, gas cylinders for natural gas, developments in medicine, and improvements in the art of constructing clocks.

Culture During the time of the Tang Dynasty, the arts had a golden age. It was during this historical period that poetry developed into an essential component of the culture of China. Studying poetry was necessary for those who wanted to be successful on the civil service examinations.

  • Poets who were both talented and respected were frequently asked to read their work as entertainment at social gatherings.
  • During this time period, some of the most celebrated poets in Chinese history lived and worked, including Li Bai, Du Fu, Li Po, and Wang Wei.
  • Even while the poetry of the Tang Dynasty is what has brought it the most notoriety, this was also a prosperous time for the visual and performing arts.

Short novels, encyclopedias, and chronicles are only few of the types of writing that were produced throughout this time. Painting was also quite popular during this time period, and a number of well-known artists, such as Wu Daozi, Wang Wei (who was also a well-known poet), and Zhou Fang, emerged during this time.

  1. Government The Tang Dynasty exercised control over a huge region that extended all the way to the north of Vietnam and Korea.
  2. It even made it to Afghanistan, which is located to the west.
  3. To maintain control over all of this land, the government had to be very well organized.
  4. The Tang authored a comprehensive legal system as well as a set of administrative procedures.
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In addition to taxing the people depending on the amount of land they owned, they mandated that all farmers serve in the military for a certain amount of time. The city of Chang’an served as both the administrative hub and imperial capital of the Tang dynasty at that time.

Xi’an, as it appears in current times, is located here. It was from this location that the emperor governed his large realm throughout his reign. The results of the civil service tests were used to determine where individuals would be placed in the government. Examinations were opened up to men from classes other than the nobility, in contrast to the practices of other dynasties, in an effort to recruit the most capable individuals for positions in the administration.

There were also schools that were administered by the government to assist in educating more people. Religion At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, the emperors practiced religious tolerance toward a variety of faiths. Buddhism developed into a widely practiced religion over the entirety of China.

Nonetheless, towards the end of the dynasty, the emperors decreed that only Confucianism may be practiced publicly and outlawed all other religious practices. There was widespread destruction of Buddhist monasteries and temples. Fall and deterioration Corruption within the administration and excessive taxation contributed to the gradual decline of the Tang Dynasty over the course of time.

In the year 874, a rebellion led by taxed citizens resulted in the destruction of a significant portion of the city of Chang’an. Although the Tang were successful in putting an end to the uprising, the government was never able to entirely recover. In the year 907, a commander by the name of Zhu Wen overthrew the final Tang emperor and seized power, bringing an end to the Tang dynasty. The effort that had been put in by the preceding Sui Dynasty to complete the Grand Canal and rebuild a significant portion of the Great Wall was beneficial to the Tang Dynasty. It was during the Tang Dynasty that tea drinking developed into a popular pastime.

  • It was also around this time that the author Lu Yu created a book titled the Classic of Tea, which provided a description of the art of tea drinking.
  • During this time period, toilet paper was first developed.
  • In the year 609, the government of China carried out a census, which revealed that there were around 50 million people living in China.

At the time, the city of Chang’an, China’s current capital, was the largest in the whole world. It is believed that the combined populations of the city proper and the surrounding rural areas amounted to close to 2 million people in total. Activities Take a 10 question quiz about this page.

How did gold help create a strong economy in the kingdom of Ghana?

Ghana became the key trade point between east and west Africa as a result of its role as a mediator in the market between sugar and gold, which enabled it to gain from the process and contribute to the development of a robust economy in Ghana. Gold played a role in this.

Why did the gold-salt trade develop between West Africa and North Africa?

What factors contributed to the growth of the gold and salt trade between West Africa and North Africa? Where exactly did each one turn up? Because there was an abundance of each product in each region, trading began. Gold was easy to get by in West Africa; hence, merchants shipped it to North Africa so that the people there might also benefit from the lucrative material.

Why were trade routes important to the growth of the kingdom of Ghana?

The inhabitants of Ghana were exposed to a wide variety of individuals, cultures, and religions due to the extensive trading routes that passed through the country. The faith of Islam was introduced to Ghana as the kingdom of Ghana expanded into the Sahara region as a result of greater interaction with Arab traders from the east.

What was an effect of the Silk Road quizlet?

What was one benefit that China received through the Silk Road? During conflicts, the Silk Road served as a supply route for many warlords. The Silk Road allowed China to establish a monopoly on international trade. The Silk Road served as a conduit for the movement of people, products, and ideas across China.

Which was the most important effect of trade along the Silk Road quizlet?

Which of the following was the most significant result of commerce along the Silk Road? Alongside the trading of practical items, ideas and inventions were also common.

What was traded on the Silk Road quizlet?

The Silk Road was a network of commercial routes that connected Asia to Africa, Eurasia, and Europe. It was named after the Silk Road Economic Belt. Along its length, people exchanged goods like as silk, cotton, silver, tortoiseshell, and spices.

What was a major benefit of the Silk Road quizlet?

What was the most significant advantage that the Silk Road offered? It resulted in the creation of an united economy that included the entirety of Asia. It cut down on the amount of time merchants had to spend traveling between China and Europe.